Redziuk, A. M., Candidate of Technical Sciences (PhD), Director;
Klymenko, O. A., Candidate of Technical Sciences (PhD), Deputy Head of Research Laboratory of Fuels and Environment, Deputy Head on Scientific and Technological Development of Road Vehicle Testing Centre (SE «State Road Transport Research Institute»)
REGARDING STRATEGY TO IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF ROAD TRANSPORT. DOI: 10.33868/0365-8392-2018-4-256-2-11
Abstract. The substantiation for the necessity for development and proposals for the formation of a state strategy for improving an energy efficiency of road transport are presented. They are based in particular on the results of retrospective analysis and projections of energy consumption and СО2 emissions by road transport in Ukraine for the period up to 2050 under different scenarios of socio-economic development and variants of state regulation in this area.
The international obligations of Ukraine in this area are considered within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and in accordance with the provisions of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their member states.
It is proved that these international obligations of Ukraine will not be fulfilled without the prompt introduction of a set of effective measures to reduce specific energy consumption in road transport sector of the economy. And hence there is a need for corresponding state strategy, which should determine in which way, at the expense of which resources, and at what price will Ukraine guarantee fulfillment of specified engagements at a stated time.
The results of the reconstruction of energy consumption, CO2 and “local” toxic pollutants emissions in Ukraine by road transport during 1990-2015 are presented.
Estimates of reserves (potential) for reduction of energy consumption by road transport in Ukraine are given.
The analysis (structure) of possible measures to reduce energy consumption by road transport is given.
Economic restrictions on investing in the development of road transport infrastructure and introduction of the latest technologies are considered.
The proposals regarding solving the problem of accelerated renewal of Ukrainian road transport fleet on more energy efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles are outlined.
Keywords: road transport, energy efficiency.
1. State Enterprise «State Road Transport Research Institute» (2016) Doslidzhennya ta rozroblennya rekomendacij shhodo zmenshennya py`tomogo spozhy`vannya energonosiyiv avtomobil`ny`m transportom [Research and development of recommendations for reduction of specific energy consumption by motor transport]. Interim Report. State registration number 0115U006026, Kyiv,154 p.
2. State Enterprise «State Road Transport Research Institute» and the «Institute of Engineering Ecology», Ltd (2017) Verification of motor fuels consumption volumes by transport sector within the context of annual preparation of Ukraine`s GHG Inventory [Verification of volumes of motor fuel consumption in the transport sector in the context of annual preparation of the National inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases in Ukraine]. Final Joint Report. Kyiv, 2017, 342 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/fz64.02.034
3. State Enterprise «State Road Transport Research Institute» (2016) Doslidzhennya vply`vu na vy`ky`dy` shkidly`vy`x rechovy`n v atmosferne povitrya struktury` parku kolisny`x transportny`x zasobiv Ukrayiny` [Investigation of the influence on the emission of harmful substances into the atmospheric air of the park structure of wheeled vehicles of Ukraine]. Interim Report. State registration number 0112U001736. Kyiv, 2016, 106 p.
4. Ricardo Energy & Environment (United Kingdom), State Enterprise «State Road Transport Research Institute» (Ukraine) (2016) Development of national policy on regulation of road transport CO2 emissions and energy consumption in Ukraine. Clima East Project Report. 212 p.
5. World Health Organisation (2016) Ambient air pollution: A global assessment of exposure and burden of disease.