Article 3 # 1'2022

© Vladimir Volkov, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Technical Exploitation and Service of Cars, ORCID: 0000-0003-2202-3441, e-mail:;
© Nataliia Vnukova, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Ecology, ORCID: 0000-0002-4097-864X, e-mail:;
© Olena Pozdnyakova, Сandidate of Сhemistry of Sciences, associate professor of Ecology Department, ORCID: 0000-0002-7409-2839, e-mail: Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University

Impact of road transport vehicles on climate change while using traditional and alternative fuels DOI: 10.33868/0365-8392-2022-1-269-24-29

Abstract. The purpose of the work was to identify environmental climatic impacts resulting from the biodiesel fuel use for vehicles (Vs). The methods are based on computation of natural resource consumption and toxic substances emission with the help of environmental footprint calculator being a software program. The results of integral assessment of the environmental impact (namely, consumption of water, pow basic traction trucks as VOLVO FM, FH, FE, and FL) were computed for biodiesel fuel types В0, В7, В30, В100 depending upon different standards of EURO propellants. Both positive and negative environmental impact factors have been determined for consuming biofuels during full lifecycle of Vs. It has been defined that minor decrease in СО2 emission owing to the use of standard modern biodiesel fuel was followed by significant increase in NOx emission, as well as power and water consumption in terms of first-generation biodiesel fuel utilization. Similar tendencies were recognized. Moreover, opportunity to apply biodiesel fuels along with other measures decreasing СО2 emission was analyzed. Originality it is stipulated by the use of the integrated assessment of impact of vehicles on climate change, as well as the use of natural resources while applying biodiesel fuel for vehicles. Keywords: greenhouse effect, biodiesel fuel, life cycle of Vs, nitrogen oxides.

1. Ministry of Energy and Environmental Protection. (2020). Kontseptsiya zelenoho enerhetychnoho perekhodu Ukrayiny do 2050 roku. Ofitsiynyy portal Ministerstva zakhystu dovkillya ta pryrodnykh resursiv Ukrayiny. [Concept of green energy transition of Ukraine by 2050. The official portal of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine]. Retrieved from
2. Cherubini, F., Strømman, A. H. (2011). Life cycle assessment of bioenergy systems: State of the art and future challenges. Bioresour. Technol, 02, 37-451.
3. Kuchkina, A. Yu., Sushchik, N. N. (2014). Feedstocks, Methods and Perspectives of Biodiesel Production. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Biology 1, 14-42, 15.
4. Spyridon Achinas, Johan Horjus, Vasileios Achinas and Gerrit Jan Willem Euverink. (2019). A PESTLE Analysis of Biofuels Energy Industryin Europe. Sustainability, 11, 5981. Retrieved from
5. Bonomi, A., Klein, B. C., Chagas, M. F, Dias Souza, N. R. (2019). Technical Report Comparison of Biofuel Life Cycle Analysis Tools Phase 2, Part 1: FAME and HVO/HEFA. Retrieved from
6. Volvo. (2019). Environmental Footprint Calculator. Retrieved from
7. Zhang, Z., Han, W., Chen, X., Yang, N., Lu, C., Wang, Y. (2019). The Life-Cycle Environmental impact of recycling of restaurant food waste in Lanzhou, China. Appl. Sci., 9, 3608. [CrossRef]
8. Domínguez, J., Gómez-Brandón, M., Martínez-Cordeiro, H., Lores, M. (2018). Bioconversion of Scotch broom into a high-quality organic fertiliser: Vermicomposting as a sustainable option. Waste Manag. Res., 36, 1092–1099. [CrossRef]
9. Trakulvichean, S.; Chaiprasert, P.; Otmakhova, J.; Songkasiri, W. (2017). Comparison of fermented animal feed and mushroom growth media as two value-added options for waste Cassava pulp management. Waste Manag. Res., 35, 1210–1219. [CrossRef]
10. International Energy Agency. (2006). Energy Technology Perspectives. Scenarios and Strategies to 2050. Paris, 486.
11. Redzyuk, A. M., Klymenko, O. A. (2018). Shchodo stratehiyi pidvyshchennya efektyvnosti vykorystannya enerhiyi dorozhnim transportom. Naukovo-vyrobnychyi zhurnal Avtoshlyahovyk Ukrainy, 4, 256, 2-10. DOI: 10.33868/0365-8392-2018-4-256-2-11