Article 6 # 1'2023


© Serhii Kovbasenko, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Professor of the engineering of transport construction machines, ORCID: 0000-0002-7309-8200, e-mail: National Transport University

© Oleksii Bugryk, Ph.D., Researcher, Department of technical support for the implementation of international agreements in the field of transport, ORCID: 0000-0003-4581-3294, e-mail: SE “State Road Transport Research Institute

Еxperimental tests of a diesel car operating on diesel fuel and diesel biofuel DOI: 10.33868/0365-8392-2022-1-273-35-43

Abstract. Realizing the problems that constantly accompany the use of road transport, against the background of the increasing shortage of liquid fuels of petroleum origin in Ukraine and other countries, serious attention has long been paid to the use of alternative, more environmentally friendly types of motor fuels, which include biofuels, natural gas and hydrogen. At the same time, the issue of reducing environmental pollution by road transport is an important component of the general environmental problem, the severity of which increases every year. With the significant growth of food industry facilities, there is a need to dispose of food products, namely food fats, which create a negative impact on the environment. Therefore, a possible way to solve the problem of disposal of edible fats can be their processing into diesel biofuel. The use of biodiesel fuel from recycled food fat waste does not require significant changes in the engine design, at the same time, it will allow to expand the fuel base of diesel vehicles and reduce their harmful impact on the environment. The article presents the results of bench tests of a passenger car with a diesel engine when operating on diesel fuel and diesel biofuel, namely: emissions of harmful substances and fuel consumption by cycle, comparative load characteristics of a diesel engine in a passenger car. The possibility of using diesel biofuel from recycled food fat waste in diesel engines of modern cars has been confirmed. The conducted studies proved the reduction of the total mass emissions, reduced to carbon monoxide emissions, for work on diesel biofuel. Keywords: diesel, diesel biofuel, passenger car, experimental tests, fuel consumption, harmful emissions.

1. EU. (2022). Commission proposes new Euro 7 standards to reduce pollutant emissions from vehicles and improve air quality. Retrieved from
2. Olena Chernyshova, Ihor Petrenko, Pavlo Vyshebaba. (2020). Environmental and transport problems of modern Ukraine. Kyiv. Retrieved from
3. Govorun A. G., Merzhievska L. P., Pavlovskyi M. V., Bugryk O. V. (2016). Expansion of the fuel base of engines of wheeled vehicles using biodiesel fuels obtained from recycled agricultural waste. Bulletin of NTU, 34, 96-104.
4. S. V. Kovbasenko, V. V. Simonenko, O. V. Bugryk. (2019). Improving the performance of vehicles using diesel biofuels from plant and animal waste. Roads and road construction, 106, 40-45.
5. Brown T., Lemay G. Yu. (1983). Chemistry – in the center of science: In 2 parts. Trans. with English. Moscow, Mir, 520, Part 2.
6. Yu.G. Sukhenko, M.M. Mushtruk. (2016). Production methods of diesel biofuel. Scientific works SWorld. Retrieved from
7. Kovbasenko S. V., Bugryk O. V., Simonenko V. V. (November 16-17, 2022). Determination of rational parameters for the use of diesel biofuel from edible fats by motor vehicles: Materials of the inter-?ational conference “Improvement of constructive and operational indicators of cars and machines”. A collection of abstracts of reports. Kyiv, NTU, 22, 118-121.
8. Govorun A. G., Bugryk O. V. (2015). Peculiarities of the use of biodiesel fuels in the engines of wheeled vehicles. VII Inter-national scientific and practical conference “Modern technologies and prospects for the development of road transport”, VNTU, 71-73.
9. Grekhov L. V., Ivashchenko N. A., Markov V. A. (2005). Fuel equipment and diesel control systems, Textbook for universities, 2nd ed. Moscow, Legion-Avtodata, 344.
10. A. G. Govorun, O. V. Bugryk, Z. I. Krasnokutska, M. V. Pavlovsky, V. S. Podpisnov. (2017). Patent for the invention No. 114871 Ukraine F02M 31/02, F02D 19/06 “Power supply system of a multi-fuel engine”. (Ukraine); Applicant and patent owner is National Transport University; statement 10.02.2017; published 10.08.2017, Bul. No. 15.
11. SE “DerzhavtotransNDIproekt”. (2010). DSTU 3649:2010. “Wheeled Vehicles”. National Standard of Ukraine. Retrieved from
12. SE “DerzhavtotransNDIproekt”. (2004). DSTU 4276:2004 System of standards in the field of environmental protection and rational use of resources. Atmosphere. Norms and methods of measuring the smokiness of exhaust gases of cars with diesel or gas-diesel engines. National Standard of Ukraine. Retrieved from