© Volodymyr Sakhno, Doctor of Engineering (D.Sc.), Professor, Head of Automobiles Department, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; ORCID: 0000-0002-5144-7131;
© Vasyl Mateichyk, Doctor of Engineering (D.Sc.), Professor of Ecology Department, e-mail: email@example.com, ORCID: 0000-0002-3683-7246;
© Volodymyr Fedorov, Candidate of Technical Sciences (Ph.D.), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, ORCID: 0000-0002-1085-5112
(National Transport University);
©Volodymyr Kaskiv, Candidate of Technical Sciences (Ph.D.), e-mail: email@example.com, ORCID: 0000-0002-8074-6798, Deputy Director on Scientific Work DerzhdorNDI SE
TO THE JUSTIFICATION OF THE APPLICATION OF NOISE PROTECTION SCREENS WITH HIGH NOISE-ABSORBING PROPERTIES
Abstract. The article is devoted to the justification of the use of noise protection structures with high noise – absorbing properties to reduce traffic noise.
Traffic noise has a negative impact on human health and the environment, so it is necessary to implement measures to reduce its level, including the use of noise protection structures. Noise protection structures are used to protect residential buildings from traffic noise and are classified according to various criteria: stage of road design, type of structure, height, material, position of structures in the transverse profile, longitudinal profile and acoustic properties for sound reflection and absorption. In terms of acoustic properties, noise protection structures are divided into noise-reflecting and noise-absorbing screens. The characteristics of noise-reflecting and noise-absorbing screens and features of their application on highways are considered. It is shown that the sound energy from the noise-reflecting screens is reflected in the opposite direction from the protected object; the noise-absorbing screens do not cause an increase in noise on the opposite side of the road and in the cabins of passing cars due to sound energy absorption. Methods for determining the acoustic efficiency of noise protection screens of different types are presented. A comparative evaluation of the acoustic efficiency of noise-reflecting and noise-absorbing screens was performed, which confirmed the higher acoustic efficiency of noise-absorbing screens. It is shown that with the same characteristics of the noise source in the range of levels 70–100 dB under the condition of four reflections of sound in the system “vehicle – screen” the noise level behind the noise-absorbing screen will be less by about 5 dB than the noise level behind the noise-reflecting screen.
Keywords: transport noise, noise protection screen, noise reflection, noise absorption, acoustic efficiency.
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